Polish Intelligence and Danish Counterintelligence.
Thomas Wegener Friis
Poland and Denmark were adversaries during the Cold War and potential enemies in a military conflict in Europe. An integrated part of the struggle was the fight of the intelligence services. In the past decades, it had become possible to tell this history from both sides. Some files of the Danish counterintelligence service, the PET, have been declassified, though cautiously or maybe even hesitant. In Poland, the intelligence files have been assessable for quite some time; however not until recently Danish researcher have taken serious steps to use these possibilities. This paper is the one of the first products of a cooperation project between the University of Southern Denmark, the Danish National Archive, and the Cold War Museum Langeland to intensify cooperation with Polish colleagues and to translates military and intelligence sources of the Cold War era. The paper will present the state of art of Danish research concerning the intelligence battle of the two states. The focus will be on military intelligence, and it will seek to point out forces and weaknesses of both Polish side which tried to build up an intelligence capacity and the Danish side which sought to retain it. Especially, in the first half of the Cold War, the Polish Military Service Z II had a hard time to establish itself abroad, and the relative small Danish service was able to achieve a remarkable success.